Female Hair Loss

Female hair loss differs significantly from male hair loss, both in appearance and the underlying causes to the problem. Genetics is the main cause for male hair loss while the situation for women is more complex. Female hair loss is often due to a combination of different reasons.

Causes

Genetic

Hereditary hair loss (androgenetic alopecia)

The most common cause of hair loss is genetic. There is no proof that transmission of genes comes only from the mother’s side, it can just as well come from the fathers.

The heredity can also skip a few generations and show itself much later. So simply inheriting the genetics for hair loss does not mean that you will start to lose your hair.

Some people have coded in their genes that their hair loss will start at a young age while there are people that at the age of 70 have kept most of their hair.

Regardless, male hair loss is a natural process, but there is very good opportunity for treatment if it is started on time.

Thyroid Gland

The thyroid is a small gland that sits at the front of the throat. It is one of the body’s most important glands and has a great impact on the body’s general condition, including the hair and skin quality.

By producing the hormones T-3 and T-4 the thyroid glands controls metabolism, calorie usage, body temperature and pulse.

Problems with the thyroid gland are more common in women than in men.

Stress

When the body goes through radical and severely traumatic experiences, such as severe infections, fever diseases, child birth, difficult surgeries or extreme stress, the phases of the individual hair strands can change.

From being in the growth phase (the anagen phase which lasts up to 6-7 years) the hair can suddenly transition to the resting phase (telogen phase), which results in the hair falling off. A change to the telogen phase can happen very quickly. Sometimes it happens over a few weeks and large amounts of hair can fall off. Otherwise it can take up to several months before the hair falls off and at that time it becomes very difficult to determine the actual cause of the hair loss.

This type of hair loss is complicated, and it requires experience to diagnose and determine a treatment plan. Nordic Hair has worked with this type of illness for a very long time and has established great routines and procedures for treatment that gives you your hair back.

Disease

Alopecia Areata is an autoimmune disease that affects people of all ages.

The patches can appear anywhere on the head – often as round or oval spots, 1-3cm across. It is not uncommon to have several patches at the same time that can also move to other areas on the head.

The body’s own immune defense attacks for unknown reason the follicles and makes them leave the anagen phase and let go of the hair. This process can be very rapid, and it is not uncommon for people to develop a bald patch within 24 hours.

The shorter time one has had these patches, the greater is the likelihood of the hair growing back. Many times the patches disappear by themselves, but they can return later in life. A contributory cause to the outbreaks of this disease is stress and anxiety. A common form of treatment is PRP-treatments.

Diagnosis

Knowing why a person is losing hair is crucial, when determining what treatment to offer.

In most cases we can determine, through discussions, what type of hair loss it is. We also use a microscopic camera to examine the scalp and see what the follicles look like in different places on the scalp.

It is also important to know what type of medications the person is taking or has taken over the past 12 months to gain clarity of the cause.

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