Diseases that cause hair loss

There are many hair diseases that lead to hair loss, bald patches on the head or thinning hair. Some diseases are easy to cure, while others can only be slowed down as there is no cure.

Here we have gathered information about some of the most common hair diseases linked to hair loss, what they mean and what you can do about them.

We are experts in various hair diseases that can contribute to hair loss. Our PRP treatment has proven to have very good results in slowing down and preventing hair loss associated with the most common hair diseases.

Do you suspect you have a hair disease? Stop by for a free consultation to find out how your hair is doing.

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Hair diseases

Different forms of alopecia

There is a group of common hair diseases in the category of alopecia. These are autoimmune diseases, which means that the body’s own immune system attacks the hair follicles and causes them to stop producing hair.

The different diseases under the category of alopecia are:

The diseases are genetic and research has not been able to find out what triggers them.

If you’re a smoker, you’re more likely to develop the hair disease than if it’s in your genes. PRPcan relieve the symptoms of hair diseases and stimulate hair growth.

Read more about different forms of alopecia

Traction alopecia

Traction alopecia is when a trauma happens to the hair follicle. The trauma occurs when the hair is slowly pulled out, for example by tight hairstyles such as tightly back-knotted braids, causing damage to the hair follicles.

If this is detected in time, the hair can grow back. If this goes on for a long time, scar tissue can form and the damage becomes permanent.


Trichotillomania is a psychological impulse disorder in which the patient has an unconscious or conscious compulsive impulse to pull out, twist or break their own hair.

The disease is not very well known, which can create a feeling of exclusion for those who suffer from it.

In cases where the patient has been plucking hair for a long time, this may have damaged the hair follicles so much that hair growth has stopped or completely disappeared.

Once the person is free of the compulsive behaviour, bald patches can be covered with hair transplants.

Female frontal fibros or frontal fibrosing alopecia

If you are afflicted with frontal fibrosing alopecia, the hair follicles are affected by an inflammation that breaks down the hair follicles and they stop producing hair. This causes the hairline to pull upwards.

The process is slow but ongoing. In some cases, it levels off after a while. The disease is often mistaken for traction alopecia, but they are two different diagnoses.

When the hair follicles die, scar tissue forms under the skin. The scar tissue has no blood supply, which makes it impossible to trigger hair growth using PRP.

Therefore, the only solution for clients with frontal fibrosing alopecia is a hair transplant.

Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism - a disorder of the thyroid gland

The thyroid gland produces hormones that affect most of the body’s functions, such as metabolism, calorie burning, body temperature and heart rate. The thyroid gland is a small gland located at the front of the throat.

When the thyroid gland produces too few hormones, the client may develop hypothyroidism. When it produces an excess of hormone, the client may develop hyperthyroidism.

The immune system affects the thyroid gland and causes the function of the thyroid gland to slowly change. This can have a major impact on the body’s general condition, including the quality of hair and skin.

If you suspect thyroid disorders, we can take a blood test at our clinics. You will get an answer a few days after the blood test is taken.

Read more about the thyroid gland

Atheroma - a sebaceous gland cyst on the scalp

Atheroma is a harmless cyst containing sebum. The cyst occurs when the duct from the sebaceous gland becomes blocked and the sebum becomes trapped.

This is harmless, but it can often be aesthetically annoying. Atheromas rarely disappear on their own and often require minor surgery.

An atheroma can occur anywhere on the body but the most common are areas where hair grows, such as the scalp of the head. It has no direct impact on hair loss other than that it can be annoying aesthetically.

The skin over the atheroma is completely smooth and has the same colour as the rest of the skin tone. On examination, a rounded or oval mark is usually seen that is anchored in the skin, but is slightly movable in the skin.

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Learn more about causes of hair loss