What good can stem cells do?
Stem cells are the precursor to specialised cells, such as blood, skin, liver and mucous membranes and other cells that form tissues in the body. As specialised cells live for a limited time, the number in the body should be kept constant.
Stem cells act as a kind of repair system in the body. Stem cells can divide into a mother cell that ensures self-replication, and a new cell that can differentiate into a specialised cell.
Stem cells differ in their ability to differentiate. This ability is greatest in the fertilised egg, the zugot, which can differentiate into any cell type in the body and extraembryonic tissues.
During the first divisions, this ability continues. As stem cells become more specialised, their ability to differentiate decreases.
In our clinic, we use 5-8 week old fetal stem cells for treatment. The differentiation capacity of these stem cells is very good and is maintained until the ninth week of pregnancy.
Stem cells can differentiate into the most diverse cell types, such as frog leaves – ectoderm, endoderm and mesoderm.
This means that the stem cells we use have the best potential compared to other types of stem cells (adult stem cells, umbilical cord blood stem cells, etc.).
The stem cells we use have already undergone specialisation into frog leaves and have lost their ability to grow uncontrollably. They know with certainty what type of cell or tissue they will become.
This is in contrast to treatment with embryonic stem cells (in vitro) obtained 1-2 weeks after fertilisation. These cells can grow uncontrollably, which can cause tumours.
Our stem cell treatment does not carry a risk of tumour formation because the cells are older.
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