About Hair Loss
To suffer sudden hair loss or watch your natural hair grow thinner can be a very difficult experience.
Hair loss has many different causes – genetic, heredity, diet, physical or psychological trauma, or possibly different medications. In most cases there is however a suitable solution and with 12 years of practice we have great knowledge and experience.
The hair loss process
Losing hair normally happens in several steps over a long period of time – in exceptional cases the hair is lost due to an illness.
Normally all people have nice and strong hair until they reach puberty. At that time a powerful hormone production starts in both girls and boys and a lot happens in the body. All of this will have a big impact on a person’s hair growth.
Testosterone is a male hormone that exists in both male and female and this is the most common reason for hair loss. Testosterone brakes down and other substances (DHT) attack the hair follicles, that slowly becomes weak and thus the hair growth is thinner.
In the Image above, you can see two strong hair growing next to each other and after a long while these have become small and thin. This is how it often happens – the hair follicles grow weak, until it eventually does not grow through the skin – at that time we have really lost our hair.
Other causes for hair loss can be a disease such as the Dengue Fever (a tropical disease from a mosquito) – in this case, the hair can fall off, over a very short period, but it can grow back with full strength if we treat it with PRP.
Alopecia Areata is another disease that leads to complete hair loss in smaller or larger areas. This type of hair loss has nothing to do with traditional one and the mechanisms of this type of hair loss are very complicated. We can relieve approximately 70 percent of those who are affected.
Reasons for hair loss
Hereditary hair loss (androgenetic alopecia)
The most common cause of hair loss is genetic. There is no proof that transmission of genes comes only from the mother’s side, it can just as well come from the fathers.
The heredity can also skip a few generations and show itself much later. So simply inheriting the genetics for hair loss does not mean that you will start to lose your hair.
Some people have coded in their genes that their hair loss will start at a young age while there are people that at the age of 70 have kept most of their hair.
Regardless, male hair loss is a natural process, but there is very good opportunity for treatment if it is started on time.
Alopecia Areata (AA) – patchy hair loss
Alopecia Areata is an autoimmune disease that affects people of all ages. The patches can appear anywhere on the head – often as round or oval spots, 1-3cm across. It is not uncommon to have several patches at the same time that can also move to other areas on the head.
The body’s own immune defense attacks for unknown reason the follicles and makes them leave the anagen phase and let go of the hair. This process can be very rapid, and it is not uncommon for people to develop a bald patch within 24 hours.
The shorter time one has had these patches, the greater is the likelihood of the hair growing back. Many times the patches disappear by themselves, but they can return later in life. A contributory cause to the outbreaks of this disease is stress and anxiety. A common form of treatment is PRP-treatments.
Telogen effluvium – trauma
When the body goes through radical and severely traumatic experiences, such as severe infections, fever diseases, child birth, difficult surgeries or extreme stress, the phases of the individual hair strands can change.
From being in the growth phase (the anagen phase which lasts up to 6-7 years) the hair can suddenly transition to the resting phase (telogen phase), which results in the hair falling off. A change to the telogen phase can happen very quickly. Sometimes it happens over a few weeks and large amounts of hair can fall off. Otherwise it can take up to several months before the hair falls off and at that time it becomes very difficult to determine the actual cause of the hair loss.
This type of hair loss is complicated, and it requires experience to diagnose and determine a treatment plan. Nordic Hair has worked with this type of illness for a very long time and has established great routines and procedures for treatment that gives you your hair back.
The thyroid is a small gland that sits at the front of the throat. It is one of the body’s most important glands and has a great impact on the body’s general condition, including the hair and skin quality.
By producing the hormones T-3 and T-4 the thyroid glands controls metabolism, calorie usage, body temperature and pulse.
Problems with the thyroid gland are more common in women than in men.
Our diet is always important – for all people regardless of hair loss problems or not. However, relatively few people in Sweden are affected by hair loss or thin hair due to a poor diet. Most people eat food that is healthy enough as well as has variety, so these issues are rare.
There are a few people with eating disorders, or those who are on excessive diet, who are adversely affected.
Some medications affect the hair growth with a side effect of hair loss or discontinued hair growth. The most common is Roaccutane, which is a medication for acne. A lot of people that take this medication come to us with hair loss issues.
Cancer medications also have strong effects on hair growth.
Testosterone & DHT are what destroys hair growth
DHT makes the body hair and facial hair grow in men and the substance is important for reaching puberty. Later in life, however, the same androgens (mainly DHT) makes the hair follicles shrink.
The longer a hair follicle has been subjected to DHT, the smaller it becomes; at the same time the hair becomes shorter and thinner. DHT also makes the hair transition into the resting phase quickly, which results in the hair getting thinner and shorter as well as reduced in number. These factors together contribute to significant thinning of the hair.
Shampoo and Vitamins
There are no shampoos that make your hair grow better. Regardless of what is written in the ads there is no shampoo that can penetrate the skin and stimulate hair growth. However, a good shampoo can make sure that the hair that has already grown out stays nice. The same goes for vitamins – they do not help the hair to grow better but can somewhat affect its appearance. People in Sweden do not suffer from vitamin deficiency except for some people with eating disorders or other forms of rare diseases.